- Acquire Landowner’s Permission
- Buy Landowner Gift
- Buy License
- Check all Batteries
- Clean Binoculars/Scope
- Clean Firearm
- Hang Treestand/Inspect Stands/Set Blinds
- Mend any Torn Blinds
- Practice Calling
- Read Local Rules, Regulations, Restrictions, Limits, etc…
- Read/Watch Instructional Books and Videos
- Scouting, Game Cameras
- Food Plotting
- Screw in Tree Steps
- Sharpen Knife/Broadheads
- Update Electronics (Charts/Maps/Locators)
- Wash Clothing
- GENERAL HUNTING EQUIPMENT
- Back Pack/Waist Pack
- Bow/Gun Case (Hard/Soft)
- Bow/Gun Hanger/Rest
- Bow/ gun sling
- Climbing sticks
- Cleaning kit/ Oil/ Oilcloth
- Game Cameras/ Batteries/ Memory Cards
- Ground Blind/ Blind Material
- Gun Sock
- Hammer and Stakes
- Range Finder
- Scent Attractant
- Scent-Free Containers for Clothing
- Scent-Reduction Detergent/Deodorant
- Scent-Reduction Spray
- Scent-Wicks/Drag or Scrape Dripper
- Scope with Caps
- Shooting Stick
- Spotting Scope
- Targets (Flat/3D)
- Treestand Umbrella
- Baseball Hat – Blaze Orange
- Baseball Hat – Camo
- Belt – Camo
- Boots – Insulated/Un-Insulated, depending on Weather Conditions
- Gloves – Insulated/Un-Insulated, depending on Weather Conditions
- Jacket – Camo Windproof/Pullover
- Long Underwear – Insulated/Moisture Wicking
- Pants – Camo
- Pants – Insulated Overalls
- Rain Suit
- Safety Vest (Required)
- Shirt – Camo Long-Sleeved
- Shirt – Camo Short-Sleeved
- Socks – Breathable and Insulated
- Socks – Liner
- Stocking Hat – Blaze Orange or camo (Check Local Laws)
- Vest – Blaze Orange (Check Local Laws)
- 2-Way Radios and batteries
- Binocular harness
- Bug Spray/Insect Repellant Device
- GPS/Map/Personal Locator
- Hand Sanitizer
- Hand Warmers
- Hearing Protection
- High Energy Food/Snacks
- Hydration Pack
- Dry ice
- Safety/Shooting Glasses
- Seat/Stool (Bucket/Cushion)
- Sunglasses and Case
- Toilet Paper/Paper Towels
- Trail Marking Tape/Tacks
- First-Aid Kit
- Glass/Lens Cleaner
- Knife Sharpener
- Lighter/Matches with Case
- Rope (50 ft.)
- Waterproof Stuff Sack
- Wind Indicator
- AFTER THE SHOT
Acquire Landowner’s Permission
Remember that you have to get permission from landowners to hunt in their lands if you don’t want to be arrested for trespassing.
In general, you can completely meet a landowner face to face and then ask for their permission to hunt verbally. However, in some cases, you have to get that permission letter for weeks or even months in advance.
Check this to get some tips: http://www.prohuntersjournal.com/article/?a=24
Buy Landowner Gift
This will show your gratitude. Thus, just make sure that you have already prepared a gift for them and it doesn’t have to be expensive.
This is a wonderful gesture if you give the landlord a small gift, especially during the holidays, you can consider some gifts as follows:
- A gift card
- A multi- tool
- Professional cleaning service
- Tool bucket organizer
- Cookies or Chocolate
No matter what animals you’ re about to kill, just make certain that you’ve already purchased the hunting license before going out for a hunting trip to avoid being arrested by the Police.
You can totally buy it online for $5 to $30and everything you need is just to provide the seller your information. If you need to know more about hunting license, click the link: http://www.dec.ny.gov/permits/6094.html
Check all Batteries
Of course you have to use electronic devices such as smart phone, handheld GPS, flash, or even electric caller for the hunting trip.
If you don’t want to be disturbed while hunting just because one of your devices runs out of battery, just spend a few hours to make sure that there are enough batteries for all of them.
Remember to clean the binoculars and scope frequently, especially before you go out to hunt, particularly when you’re hunting at night. It is certain that you never want to miss any shot or any target which is right in front of you.
To clean them, prepare a microfiber cloth or brush and if you don’t know how to clean them, here is for you:
- Binoculars: http://binocularsguru.com/how-to-clean-binoculars/
- Rifle scope: https://sniperrifles.net/clean-rifle-scope-properly/
It is likely that the firearms will wear off after a long time, especially when you live in humid climates. Do it at least once or twice during a season. Here are all the necessary items you need to clean the firearm:
- Disassembly Tools
- A Cleaning Rod
- Bore cleaner
- A Jag/ holder or Loop
- A Wire Brush
- Gun-cleaning fluid (Goo)
- Rust Protector
Check out here or an instruction video: http://hunting.about.com/video/How-to-Clean-a-Rifle.htm
Hang Treestand/Inspect Stands/Set Blinds
After scouting thoroughly the hunting spot, just try to deploy tree stands, inspect stands or set blinds in order to take an accurate shot at the deer easily.
- To hang an inspect stand on the trees, you need to use a haul line and a hunting safety harness
Here are some tips for you: http://vahea.org/tree-stand-safety/
- To set a ground blind, you have to spend more time on selecting sites as well as building the blind, even weeks before the hunt.
Mend any Torn Blinds
Before setting any blinds, make sure that no blink is torn or some sort of that. If you let a Deer see you inside the blind, he will run away so you will miss your chance to take a shot.
Therefore, everything must be carefully covered and remember to bring your fixing tools in order to replace the broken slat in the blind or fix the torn blind.
Have a careful check on all of your items and then pack them up. If you don’t want to spend a few minutes for organizing stuff, everything will be disordered in a bag. As a result, you will probably have difficulties in using and handling your own items.
Here is an example of an order in which your items should be packed:
Calling can make your hunting much easier. You just need to make grunts, rattles or bleats so as to evoke their curiosity. By this way, you can completely draw even a wary deer into your bow range and then pull the trigger to take him down quickly.
You can do this yourself but if you don’t want to, a calling device can be very useful.
Read Local Rules, Regulations, Restrictions, Limits, etc…
You may find a perfect spot for hunting deer but don’t forget the local rules, restrictions as well as regulations, even when you are a professional hunter. This is because each area has its own rules and limits. Therefore, it’s not worth messing up with the police or the local authorities just because you’re unaware of the rules.
Read/Watch Instructional Books and Videos
If you are a new hunter, just read or watch instructional books and videos a few days or even a month before your deer hunting trip. This can help you know more about their living environment and habits.
Furthermore, you also need to look for books or videos of some professional and experienced deer hunters in order to learn their invaluable tips.
Scouting, Game Cameras
There are a few types of scouting, game cameras for hunting deer as follows:
- Cellular Camera: can record images and transmit them to your phone
- Motion Activated Camera: suitable for hunters who want to minimum manual interference in photo capturing
- Wireless Wi-Fi Camera: An in- built transmitter allows this device transport images in wireless network
- Infrared Cameras: especially suitable in cases where recording is required while hunting at night.
In general, plotting foods which are attractive to the deer is a good method for you to draw even more than one whitetail to your position. In addition, a great deer hunting food plot should be near your tree stand locations as much as possible. You can choose one of the foods below:
- winter rye
If you want some more specific instructions for food plotting, check the link:
Screw in Tree Steps
By screwing in tree steps, you can have a better vision so that you can see things from a distance. If you can locate a deer from a high position, you can control the situations better.
Try to screw in some tree steps to bring yourself up but don’t forget to determine the height of the observing position you need.
If you are looking for some tips on how to screw in tree steps, here is for you:
You have to sharpen your knife and broadheads if you use a crossbow to kill the animals as well as cut their meat more quickly. It is very simple, you just need one of the below items:
- Wet stones
- Sharpening rods
- Pull- through sharpeners
- Electric sharpeners
- Guided sharpening steel
Here are the links for instruction on sharpening knife and broad heads:
- Knife: https://youtu.be/NIpHY1_qhUM
- Broad heads: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4er8JB1PRtI
These preparations can really help you make the hunting much easier, thus, you can be more confident in any hunting situation. No one can be perfect for the first hunting so if you are a new hunter, you have to focus on these.
This video will help you prepare better for the deer hunting trip:
Update Electronics (Charts/Maps/Locators)
Does it make any sense when you are going to some new hunting areas without any information on your GPS receiver’s screen. Therefore, if you are a real hunter, don’t forget to update all the data for these electronics before you have a hunting trip.
In general, you can update your electronics by connecting them into your computer. You can seek for some specialized apps for the update:
It is the fact that almost all hunters are men but don’t be too lazy to wash your own hunting clothes. Specifically, you usually hunt for hours or even days so there are a lot of sweat as well as environmental factors such as dirt, mud, and other contaminants clinging on your clothes.
Keep in mind that after every hunting trip, you have to wash them all carefully. Or else, you may feel uncomfortable while hunting for the next time.
GENERAL HUNTING EQUIPMENT
There are lots of things when it comes to bullets for deer hunters so don’t take this too easy. In fact, modern hunting bullets have complicated things such as: completely penetration, expansion, shape, and so on. Here are some common types of bullets for you:
- 5 Creedmoor: This is a relatively new cartridge designed specifically as a target round.
- 7mm-08 Remington: It’s a favorite among benchrest shooters of the extremely accuracy
- .25-06: This one is a flat-shooting cartridge which is able to kill deer out to 400 yards or even more
- .30-06 Springfield: this ammunition can produce a level of recoil, most hunters can tolerate and it shoots flat enough and hits hard enough to kill a big whitetail.
Back Pack/Waist Pack
Generally, there are 3 main things to consider when buying a hunting pack: size, frame durability and comfort. Here are some common types of hunting packs for you:
- Daypack: This is highly recommended for extended treks as well as stand hunting.
- Framed pack: Great for multiple day hunting trips as you can carry more gear, food or water during the trips.
- Framed hauler: with small amounts of storage and a frame, especially with lashing, you can easily carry the prey.
If you are looking for some advice, check this out: https://youtu.be/0LMLd_GHdHE
For an accurate shot, make sure that the flex is minimized as much as possible while the bullets are still in barrel
Some common types of rifle bipods available for you:
- Harris-type Bipods: the most popular bipod with short legs that extend 6 to 9 inches.
- LRA Bipod: made of hybrid carbon fiber and aluminum, the legs can go from 6.5 to 9.5 inches.
- Atlas Bipod: loaded with legs straight down 45 or 90 degree forward, it can provide a height adjustment from 4.75 to 9’’.
Here is the link for the specific way to use a bipod:
Bow/Gun Case (Hard/Soft)
In general, with a gun/ bow case, you can easily find the weapons. However, it can help you protect your guns from burglars or prevent your children from touching the dangerous weapons. There are 2 types of cases for your hunting weapons: hard and soft.
- Soft- shell case: manufactured from nylon, it is relatively light so you may find it comfortable and easier to bring it out there.
- Hard- shell case: made from hard- plastics or light metals, the hard- shell case can provide extra protection for your weapons.
In case you don’t have a gun/ bow case, you need to hang your weapon on racks to make sure that no one can touch them.
Here are some common types of hangers for your weapons so you can choose 1 depending on your preferences and your guns.
- Built- in racks
- Vertical wall racks
- Horizontal wall gun racks
- Rotary racks
- Freestanding racks
- Portable racks
If you want to build a home- made one, check this out:
Bow/ gun sling
Generally, you need to choose the right sling for your weapons by considering the following things:
- Traditional gun sling: 2 points of attachment
- Three- point sling: like a harness and can attach the gun to the hunter securely
- Single- point sling: the best for short-term tactical application.
Materials: the material should be waterproof as well as soft (such as leather, nylon, and thermoplastic).
Length: make sure that it can be adjusted to be loose enough so that you can move freely while carrying or shooting.
With this gear, they can completely climb a high tree to have a perfect shooting position. There are 2 main types of tree stand climbing sticks as follow:
- Stackable climbing sticks: it is the most common type and when assembled, it looks like a ladder.
- Non- stackable climbing sticks: this type is much lighter due to aluminum. Very easy to transport, or install. It can attach to the tree in several sections.
Cleaning kit/ Oil/ Oilcloth
If you use cleaning kit, oil, oilcloth frequently, they can help you clean your weapons properly. In general, you need to choose a cleaning kit which is light and easy to use; however, it should contain the items as follow:
- Durable aluminum rods with quality mops, tips, brushers (brass or nylon).
- Gun cleaner and gun oils ( Hoppe’s gun oil or Birchwood Casey gun oils)
- Oilcloth( this has to be waterproof enough for your cleaning kit)
Game Cameras/ Batteries/ Memory Cards
A game camera can help you notice the habits of the deer so if you don’t have it, buy one. But when choosing the right camera, you have to care about:
- Trigger speed (how long it takes the camera to snap a photo once a subject, in this case, a deer is seen.)
- Recovery time: this refers to how long the camera recycles after taking a picture.
- Megapixels: this determine if the picture has high quality or not.
- The flash: No- glow, low- glow or white- glow flash, depending on when you hunt.
However, don’t forget to check the batteries and empty the memory cards before hunting.
Ground Blind/ Blind Material
In details, there are 2 main types of blind materials: man- made or natural material can both work well, depending on which conditions you are hunting in.
- Man-made fabrics: more water resistant, thinner as well as lighter but also more likely to be damaged
- Natural material: more durable, easier to repair but also heavier and more mold as well as mildew
You should have gun socks to protect your firearm, especially under wet or humid conditions. Just keep your firearms covered with gun socks, even when they are already in a safe.
In general, which type of gun socks you choose should depend on the length of your weapons you are using. Additionally, your gun socks should be made of a special silicone- treated material which can keep out dust and moisture.
Here is a video for storing the firearm with gun socks:
Hammer and Stakes
A hammer and stakes are very important for your hunt, especially when you have to build a ground blind or screw in tree steps. The following are some common hammer types:
- Claw hammer: the most popular one, works the best with wood, steel and glass- fiber
- Ball peen: used to shape metal and close rivets
- Cross peen hammer: a light tool for light joinery or cabinet work
- Joiner’s mallet: used to drive chisels as well as tap wood joints together
Besides, choose the hammer with the minimum weight and size and remember to wear safe glasses for the best eye protection.
A hunting range finder will ignore the first object in the line like branches andread the most distant object- a deer.
There are 2 things you have to care about:
- Distance: make sure that under ideal atmosphere, this range finder can help you locate a deer at about 450 yards
- Reticles: it is crosshair you see when you look through the rangefinder. You should choose a rangefinder with LED lights so that you can see the deer easily at night.
Bring a clipper or a pruner when you have to cut trees or branches to set tree stand or ground blinds. There are several types of pruners as follows:
- Bypass clipper: this is the most popular, can get a clean cut with 2 curved blades moving past each other.
- Anvil clipper: This has one straight blade that can cut it as it closes onto the flat edge.
- Rachet clipper: This pruner has a clever extra mechanism so that it can make light work of tough cuts.
When it comes to hunting firearms, there are so many choices for you but the 3 main types are:
- Rifle or Muzzleloader rifle: it can be accurate from an individually hand loaded shot. The rifle has a maximum effective range of about 900 meters against the target.
- Shotgun: this can be less accurate when shooting in the far distance due to the special bullet design but this weapon is extremely lethal if the deer is within less than 30 meters.
Some types of attractants:
- Doe-in-Estrous Deer Scents: you can use this in the rut to attract the does.
- Synthetic Curiosity Deer Scents: this is man- made blends of natural deer scents and can be used to urge a deer’s innate curiosity.
- Doe Urine Deer Scents: this scent is collected from the doe well prior to the rut so it is a good choice for pre- rut hunting since it can be used to stimulate a deer.
Scent-Free Containers for Clothing
After cleaning and drying the hunting clothing, just use scent reduction detergent. This doesn’t only help avoid contamination but also helps you avoid being spotted by deer in the next hunting trip.
However, you also need a scent- free container to store the clothing. The container can be a scent proof zip seal bag which is secured in a plastic tote.
Here is an example of storing hunting clothing:
Scent reduction detergent or deodorant is helpful for you to remove scent not only from your bodies but also from your clothes. Thus, just make sure that your hunting clothes and boots are carefully washed by using scent reduction detergent.
You need to use this detergent after you wash the hunting clothes and before you store them in a container. After that, hang the clothes immediately and do not use a machine dryer.
Remember to spray down with a scent reduction spray on your skin or between several layers. Spray after taking shower and getting dressed or during your hunting. When you’ve done, remove the clothes and seal them in an air tight container before getting back in your vehicle.
This is very important for you, especially on a warm day when you are much more likely to give off or perspire odors.
But if the temperature is below freezing, try to mist and not over spray your hunting clothes.
Scent-Wicks/Drag or Scrape Dripper
Prepare scent drag or scrape dripper for good scent control. If the scent drag is dipped into the appropriate scent, you can cover your own scent left behind while hunting. This can also help you attract deer when the scent passes by them.
You also want to try scent wicks (a cotton ball placed in a plastic can) for the same purpose. However, consider the material of the can because it can probably change the smell of scents.
Here is how you use them:
Scope with Caps
Buy a scope caps or scope lens cover so as to make sure that the lens is not scratched by anything when you are not using your guns.
In order to choose the right caps for your hunting rifle, you need to determine the radius of the muzzle. Besides, consider the material of the scope cover to know if it is durable enough, especially in humid climates
There are 2 types for you to choose:
- Rubber scope cover
- Flip open scope cover
There are 2 main types of shooting sticks: monopod and bi-pod. It is completely easy for you to use these sticks. Here are 2 ways for you to use shooting sticks:
- Sitting position: with the shooting stick adjusted properly, you should be able to keep your elbows braced in front of the knees (for proper sitting position).
- Standing position: a broad base of a shooting stick can help you lean into the rifle, therefore, making your stance steadier.
It is a small portable telescope with additional optics, thus, present an erect image and a good spotting scope should have the feature as follows:
- Magnification: With the higher magnification, a good spotting scope can allow you to view objects which are beyond the range of a conventional binocular.
- Objective lens: the larger the objective lens is, the more details you can see as well as the better image quality the scope delivers.
- Close Focus: a good spotting scope should have a close focus of less than 20 ft.
- Eye relief: you may need at least 15 mm of eye relief in order to see the entire field.
Besides scent drag, using flat or 3D deer targets can also help you fool deer easily. Just bring a target which has the shape of a deer and the 3D type is more recommended for you.
Once you locate a deer, just set a flat or 3D target somewhere and then get in position. After that, call the deer by imitating their sounds or using scent drag so as to draw their attention. Finally, wait to take a shot at the real target.
With a tree stand, you will have a high shooting position, therefore, it’s easier to control the situations. Here are several types for you:
- Ladder stands: a good choice for hunters who want to hunt in the same spot for a period of time.
- Climbing stands: this is one of the most portable types so it can be easily carried in and out of the woods.
- Hang- on tree stand: you can use it even with a lot of branches as well as odd shapes.
If you have to hunt in extreme weathers like rain or snow, it can protect you while standing up there. There are 3 main things for you to consider:
- Size: it has to be large enough to cover your whole body, especially when it’s raining.
- Material: an umbrella can be made of PVC, Shade cloth or canvas so that it can also protect you from UV light.
- Color: make sure that it has a camouflage color so the deer can’t notice your presence.
Baseball Hat – Blaze Orange
To deer’s eyes, orange, green or red is just like shades of gray. Furthermore, with blaze orange color, other hunters can see you clearly and you can be safer.
For the right blaze orange hat, you should consider these 2 things:
- Sizes: try on different hats to find the hat which fits your head.
- Materials: the baseball hat should be made from special materials which can protect you from the UV light as well as provide you great comfort.
For more information:
Baseball Hat – Camo
With a camo baseball hat, you can easily hide in bush or on a tree stand without being spotted by an animal. Just take into consideration the following things to find the best camo hat:
- Sizes: measure your head size before buying a hat for your hunting trip.
- Materials: the hat should be durable and able to reduce the effect of UV light on your face skin.
Belt – Camo
A tight belt can help you climb easier and if you want to know how to do this, check the link:
In addition, you can also carry the following things without putting them in backpack:
- Small GPS
- Spare batteries
- Spare ammo
- Range finder Camera
- Water bottle
- Emergency stuff
To choose the right camo belt, you need to consider the belt length and belt buckles.
Boots – Insulated/Un-Insulated, depending on Weather Conditions
While hunting, a hunter has to walk and run a lot so a good pair of boots is highly recommended and there are 2 main types of hunting boots as well as when to use them:
- Insulated: made up of materials such as sheep skin or containing a separate insulating layer which can keep you warm, especially in cold weather.
- Un- insulated: less bulky with less material inside and it can be used effectively in milder as well as warm weather.
Gloves – Insulated/Un-Insulated, depending on Weather Conditions
There are 2 main types of gloves: insulated and un- insulated gloves. Which type you choose has to depend on the weather you’re hunting in.
- Insulated: this type of gloves is made of special material with more than 1 layer so that you can feel warm in cold weather.
- Un- insulated: this one is thinner and you can completely use them in a milder or hot weather.
In cold weather, your hands will definitely freeze to some extents, so if you have to hunt in such weather, make sure that you have a hand muff to keep hands warmer. This can also contain your cell phone, GPS or other stuffs with small pouches.
And the first choice for you is a camo hand muff so that it can match your camo hunting clothes, better for hunters to disguise. In addition, remember to buy a fleece hand muff for the great comfort.
Here is some more information about a hand muff:
Jacket – Camo Windproof/Pullover
In cold weathers, a pull over and a windproof camo jacket can keep your upper warm so they are the top priority when preparing hunting clothes.
Here is a tip for you to wear hunting clothes in cold weather:
- The first layer: it can be a pullover which can wick moisture away
- The second layer: a fleece of some kind which needs to be breathable, light but rugged enough.
- The third layer: wind and water proof jacket is the best choice: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=14sz63gPEEo
Long Underwear – Insulated/Moisture Wicking
In general, there are some things to care about when choosing one:
- Synthetic: this can be drier than other fabrics and it is the best for a rainy hunting day with high water resistance.
- Merino wool: good for cool conditions with more warmth than synthetic material.
- Silk: the best for hunting in moderate cool- weather with the ability to wick moisture .
- Ultra- lightweight: for mild or cool conditions.
- Light- weight: for cool or cold conditions.
- Mid- weight: moderately cold and cold conditions.
- Heavyweight: for frigid or blustery conditions.
Pants – Camo
In general, good hunting pants should provide great comfort and help you disguise better while hunting. To choose the best pants, just consider the following things:
- Materials: if the weather is not too cold, a pair of hunting trousers made from fleece is the best choice for you. If it is extremely cold, just wear a long underwear.
- Camo pattern: choose a camo pattern which can help you best hide in the terrain.
- Technology: good hunting pants should have scent elimination as well as moisture control.
Pants – Insulated Overalls
With only 1 piece, your entire body will be covered. Consider the following things for the best hunting overall:
- Camouflage: this allows hunters to blend in with the environment, particularly in deer hunting.
- Scent blocking: especially necessary for hunting large animals like deer.
- Weather protection: its material should be able to wick moisture and keep your body warm in cold weather.
- Quiet: make sure when you move, it doesn’t make much noise.
Even when your hunting clothes are water proof, you still need a rain suit if the rain is very heavy. For a good rain suit, just look for these features:
- Waterproof: of course, a rain suit must be water resistant.
- Breathable: you are hunting so make sure it’s comfortable for climbing or running.
- Quiet: This feature is important because unlike clothes, rain suit is much harder and more likely to make noises.
- Packable: a good rain suit should be packable easily when not being used.
Safety Vest (Required)
A safety vest is compulsory for any hunter because it is designed with high visibility and reflectivity. Therefore, with this special vest, other hunters can see you well so you will never get shot while hunting.
Some safety vest is a safety harness which allows you to climb better to hang tree stand. To choose the right one, check the followings carefully:
- Comfort, especially while hanging.
- Leg Loops & Adjustability.
- Gear Loops.
- Elastic Risers.
- Tie-In Point Protectors.
Shirt – Camo Long-Sleeved
When the weather is not too cold, you may not need a camo jacket, instead, a camo long-sleeved shirt is enough. Just make sure that your camo long- sleeved has these features:
- Breathable fabrics: with this, you will feel comfortable even when climbing or running for a long time.
- Enough warmth: a single layer is okay but it has to provide you enough warmth when the weather is a little bit cold.
- Suitable camo pattern: its camo pattern should be like the terrain where you’re about to hunt.
Shirt – Camo Short-Sleeved
When the weather is extremely hot, a camo short- sleeved is required for hunters and a good shirt should have these features:
- Material: when it comes to high intensity activity like hunting, a shirt has to be made from breathable fabrics.
- Suitable camo pattern: this can help you disguise better in bush or on tree stand.
- Lightweight: a light weight shirt will make you feel more comfortable while hunting, especially in a warm season.
Socks – Breathable and Insulated
A good pair of hunting socks should have the features below:
Insulting material: silk, wool, fleece or other man- made materials are very good to insulate and wick moisture.
Appropriate size: make sure it’s not too small or not too big for your feet.
- Lightweight: these thin socks are best for warm conditions and easy trails.
- Mid- weight: they can provide cushioning as well as insulation in moderate or cold weather.
- Mountaineering socks: this type is the thickest, warmest and the most cushioned socks, especially the best for tough terrain and extremely cold temperatures.
Socks – Liner
This type of socks is relatively thin and lightweight so they are very useful for hunters.
However, in cold weather, you can also wear liner socks under other thicker socks.
- Material: liner socks should be made of silk, wool or fleece so that they can pull moisture away from your feet to the outer socks where the moisture can evaporate.
- Size: make sure the liner socks are not too small or large for your feet.
Stocking Hat – Blaze Orange or camo (Check Local Laws)
If you have to hunt in cold weather, even with snow, a stocking hat can really help to protect your head and ears. Here are some things you should consider:
- Material: good fabrics are silk, cotton, and fleece.
- Size: make sure that it perfectly fits your head.
- Warmth: you should feel warm when wearing the hat.
- Scent- blocking.
- Style: Fur hat, beanie hat, or toque, depending on your preferences.
- Color: there are only 2 best options for you: a blaze orange or camouflage stocking hat .
Vest – Blaze Orange (Check Local Laws)
Deer can’t see orange so don’t forget to wear a blaze orange vest so that other hunters can see you clearly. This is the most effective way to protect yourself from getting shot by others.
Almost all the life vests have the same material so the only thing you need to care about is the size of the vest, make sure that it’s not too loose or too light during your hunting trip.
2-Way Radios and batteries
This device can be very helpful for hunters because it can allow you to stay in touch with your hunting buddies, especially when you get into trouble.
Consider the following things:
- Range: a higher powered radio is able to deliver more than 1 mil of range even in tough conditions.
- Size and weight: just look for a radio with an ergonomic shape so that you can handle it with hunting gloves easily.
- Headset support: a comfortable earpiece or a headset is a requirement so that it can’t scare the prey away.
- Battery life: look for extremely long battery life such as AA or AAA batteries.
- Color: camouflage radio can help disguise better for hunting deer.
With a right harness, you will never have to fumble around for your binocular anymore. There are 3 common types:
- Full size harness: with full sized pouches, this type can provide you the best protection of your optics,
- Low profile binocular harness: with this type, there are enhanced protections for the binocular and upgraded strap designs which are more comfortable to wear.
- Basic binocular: this type has a strap system, clips or tie attachments which help you keep the binocular on your chest for a quick retrieval.
This is one of the most important items for hunters, especially while scouting. Here are the 3 most important things to consider when buying a binocular:
- Full- size (8×42, 10×50): the best for serious wildlife viewing.
- Mid- size (7×35, 10×32): this can balance moderate size as well as average light transmission.
- Compact (8×25, 10×25): Suitable for daytime hunting.
Magnification power: make sure that the binocular has an enough power of magnification but it shouldn’t be greater than 10.
Objective Lens Diameter: the larger diameter, the more light your binocular can gather.
Bug Spray/Insect Repellant Device
Of course while hunting, you have to protect yourself from bugs, even when you’ re wearing protective hunting clothes. There are some basic tips for you:
- Look for wearable protection: when hunting in summer, a chemical like permethrin in sprays can be helpful as it can last for even a few days.
- Apply the spray properly: do not spray the insect repellant into your open wounds or directly onto your face, don’t let your skin exposed to the chemicals.
- Reapply often: Some insect repellant can’t last a whole day so reapply it every few hours.
A trail camera is a very useful device for you, this can help you capture the most amazing moments as well as share your adventures with your friends. But if you want to buy a good one, here are some things to look for:
- High quality with good price.
- Record memory: a large storage can allow you to record many things while hunting.
- Size and weight: don’t choose a big and heavy camera because a bulky one will make it more uncomfortable for you to carry.
- Wide field of view: with this feature, a camera can get as much as you want in a frame.
- High durability.
A compass is essential for all hunters, there are 2 types of compass as follows:
- Floating-needle Compasses: this traditional type uses a magnetized needle which aligns with the magnetic field of the Earth.
- Digital compasses: if you don’t like something traditional, this is the best for you. In fact, a digital compass can display more clearly so it’s easier for you to read. However, check the batteries carefully before hunting.
Here is how you use a compass:
In fact, you just need a portable GPS because it contains all the functions of a map and locater. However, make sure your GPS has these features:
- Mapping capabilities: it should display only base maps but also contour roads, creeks and other small details.
- Bluetooth support which is very beneficial, especially while driving.
- High durability.
- Long battery life.
- USB plug (for updated information and maps).
You can check the link right here to know how to use a handheld GPS for deer hunting:
In order to moisture as well as clean your hands, a hand sanitizer is a very important item. Remember to choose an unscented and alcohol free sanitizer when you’ve finished your hunting.
This item is necessary for you to clean your optics, all you need is just to use a little hand sanitizer containing alcohol with an optics cloth. The chemical from the sanitizer will evaporate while you’re cleaning, making a clear view of your optics.
Use a hand warmer or hand muff when you have to hunt in cold weather. Therefore, your hands can be well protected and don’t freeze after a long time hunting out there.
There are many types of hand warmers but it is highly recommended for you to choose a camo fleece one for the greatest comfort as well as disguise.
It is the fact that after years of hunting with firearm, your ears are likely to be damaged to some extent. That’s why ear protection is essential for hunters.
There are 2 different types for you:
- Earplugs: This little product can be tucked tightly into your ear canals. If you’re looking for the greatest comfort, just buy foam earplugs.
- Earmuffs: this type can cover your whole ears, providing more protection. Therefore,all background noises will disappear and your gun shot will no longer damage your ears.
High Energy Food/Snacks
Prepare high energy food or snacks a few hours before you hunt. Some of them are portable so you can completely replenish energy immediately.
With these energy foods, you can get some more energy both physically and mentally for a long hunting trip.
The following is the list of some favorite food or snack recommended for you:
- Snickers bars, Granola bars,
- Peanut butter and jelly sandwiches
This amazing device can totally replace your water bottle because you can drink more easily while moving:
Consider the things below for the best hydration pack:
- Convenience: a good hydration pack should have a long enough sip tube so you can get it quickly while moving.
- Fluid capacity: choose a hydration pack with a relatively big fluid capacity to make sure you won’t get thirsty while hunting.
- Size and fit: a suitable pack should fit perfectly to your body when you’re wearing all the clothes.
- Color: a camo pack is the best choice for hunters.
Using dry ice is the easiest way to keep a wild game at a safe temperature. Just bring a cooler filled with the dry ice and some zippered large bags.
However, you need to consider the sublimation rate of the dry ice. Here are 2 main types for this factor:
- Pellet: can be spread over a wide area and is likely to cool quickly.
- Solid block or cut block: last longer with less surface area per pound when exposed to the air. Thus, it is the best if you need longer staying power.
When choosing any shooting glasses, consider the basic tips below:
- Choose wrap- around glasses for extra protection from flying debris, UV light, and pesky tree limbs.
- Look for some styles which have adjustable options related to nose pads and temples for great comfort.
- Consider styles with padding made of foam .
- Make sure the lenses are completely shatter resistant.
- Yellow and orange lenses are the best choices since they can block haze as well as blue light, increasing contrasts and deep
With a seat or stool, you can sit in your ground blind or under a tree, aiming at the deer in a more comfortable way. Make sure you consider the followings before buying one:
- Sizes: the seat should fit your body perfectly because you may have to sit there for a long time.
- Fabrics: it has to be comfortable but durable and water proof.
- Weight: choose a lightweight bucket or cushion so that it will be easier for you to carry the seat.
Sunglasses and Case
In general, you may not need shooting glasses when you are not using firearms to hunt. Therefore, sunglasses can be a good choice for you. Remember the following tips:
- Choose wrap- around sunglasses for extra protection, particularly against UV light.
- Choose glasses with yellow or orange lens to increase deep perception and contrast.
- A foam padding on the frame is highly recommended for extra protection from flying debris and dust.
- Consider anti- fog lenses or else, the glasses can fog up and impair your vision due to changing temperatures.
- Choose sunglasses accompanied with leash which makes the glasses available for you to reach for.
Don’t forget to bring a suncream with you when the weather is extremely sunny. With a suncream, your arms and face will not have to be exposed to the sun rays too much.
Keep in mind that your suncream has these features:
- Sun protection factor (SPF) for UV- A and UV- B rays.
- Water resistance for wet climates.
- Para- aminobenzoic acid free.
- Sweat/ water- based suncream for oily skin.
- Not containing chemicals to which your skin reacts badly.
Toilet Paper/Paper Towels
Remember that this item is very helpful if your hunting trip will last for a long time.
However, there are several things you need to care about to choose a good toilet paper:
- It has to be soft and thin so that your anus won’t hurt.
- It should be eco- friendly.
- The smell of the paper should be good.
- The size shouldn’t be too large so you can put it in your backpack easily.
Trail Marking Tape/Tacks
No one hunts without using trail marking tape or tacks because this item can help them find the way back more easily and quickly, avoid getting lost.
Just choose trail marking tape which has a bright color like orange or red, this will make it more visible for you at night.
Tie the tacks around trees which can be seen easily and the trees shouldn’t be too big so you can save your marking tape.
When it comes to hunting in hot weather, a cooler can help you handle the long trip effectively. You can store ice, iced drink, food, and even medical stuffs.
Consider the things below for the best one:
- Traditional: economical choice for many hunters, can keep food safe for 5 days at most.
- High- end: increased insulation performance and better durability, work best for keeping food cold beyond 6 days.
- Soft: take up less space than hard ones, easier to carry on shoulder or back.
Durability: a durable cooler for hunting should have long lasting construction.
Size: it has to be lightweight as much as possible for you to carry.
Storage capacity: hunting deer doesn’t take you multiple nights so 25 quarts is the best.
Enjoying outdoor activities or hunting both requires you preparing a suitable first-aid-kit for emergency management. If you want to be safe, here are some tips for you:
- Make sure your kit is in a tough waterproof and flexible container.
- Keep it well- stocked with items like: duct tape, butterfly sutures, gauze, antibiotic ointments, aspirin, tylenol, scissors, and so on.
- It has to be lightweight enough for you to carry.
In case you get into some troubles, flares are the most useful safety tools to look for help from other hunters.
There are 2 main types of flares for different purposes:
- Collision avoidance flares: it is designed to warn others of your current position and gives a white light.
- Distress flares: this is usually red light, used against grave or imminent danger to your life.
- Never look directly to the flares.
- Practice using flares before you hunt.
- Let the wind blow at your back when using flares.
- Use thick gloves to protect your hands
Remember to clean your sunglasses or shooting glasses before going out there to hunt. Here are some basic steps for:
- Wash and dry your hands first.
- Blow any loose debris or dirt gently from the lenses.
- Apply a cleaning spray on the lenses and then rinse your glasses carefully under a faucet.
- Wipe your lenses until it’s completely dry using a microfiber cloth ( to remove residue and streaks)
There are some common types of knife sharpeners for you to choose as follows:
- Sharpening stones: usually flat, used to hone and grind edges of your knife (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lBXRkMZfIXk)
- Diamond sharpener: made of metal or other composite material. It has an outer layer of micro- sized which is bonded to metal surface. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lmYmYYXs1mo).
- Electric sharpener: this has the shape of a rectangular box with more than one slot to place the blade of the knife in (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MHDUuy0fsoA)
- Clean the sharpener with spay water after using it.
- Never drop it because it can break or chip easily.
- Use the same oil for your sharpener ( if you use oil instead of water).
A hunting knife or multi-tool is very necessary for any hunter in many cases. However, remember a good multi- tool should have these features:
Only useful functions such as:
- A plier
- A blade
Weight: it shouldn’t be heavier than 2 lbs so that you can handle easily.
Size: a useful tool has to be small enough to fit in your pant pocket, hand muff or backpack.
Lighter/Matches with Case
A lighter or match case is essential for hunters. In general, making fire with those items is very easy but in extreme weather conditions.
But don’t worry, here are some basic steps for you:
- First, look for a suitable fire area to create your own fire pit: dig a hole 25- 30 cm wide by 15 cm deep.
- Find tinder: it can be charred cloth, dried leaves/ glasses or birch bark.
- Light your lighter or matches ( wooden, not paper matches), cup your hand around the fire.
- Light the tinder in more than 1 point.
- Put more leaves or bigger sticks until you have a raging fire.
Rope (50 ft.)
There are different types of ropes for outdoor activities that a hunter may need to use and which type you choose depends on what you do in your deer hunting trip.
Here are some types:
- Twisted rope: with a spiral look and 3 strands twisted together, it is the best for rescue situations.
- Braided rope: with only 1 woven core with fiber strands, a lot of strength and abrasion, it’s the best for anchor lines.
- Climbing rope: Providing more strength with the inner core of separate strand.
- Guyline cord: made from reflective material, it can be great lanyards or small loops.
Don’t forget to bring enough water for the whole hunting trip. Keeping your body well hydrated all the times will protect you from getting exhausted quickly.
Specifically, 3 or less than 4 liters of water is enough for a whole day of hunting. However, just make sure that it’s not too heavy for you to carry.
Waterproof Stuff Sack
A dry bag or water stuff sack is very helpful for hunters, especially in wet or humid environments. Overall, there are 2 main options for you:
- PVC waterproof material: with roll top closure systems, this one is quite heavy but it helps all the gear stay dry effectively.
- Cuben or polyurethane or fiber fabrics: much lighter but still waterproof, the best choice when the environment is not too humid.
A wind indicator will not only help you find the right way but also help you avoid being spotted by the deer as they are very sensitive to scents.
Make sure that once the device shows you the wind direction, let the wind blow towards your back so that the deer can’t smell your scents.
CALLSDeer use sounds and scents to communicate so you need to exploit this so as to locate a whitetail as well as bring them into range.
There are different types of deer calls you need to know about:
Grunt calls/tube: the most common and versatile type, can be used to make single “contact” grunt, or loud, challenging roar of a whitetail.
Bleat calls: this can imitate the communication sounds of fawns and does and there are 3 specialized types of bleat calls as follows:
- Fawn: high- pitched bleat
- Doe: a slightly deep bleat
- Estrous: insistent and louder bleat.
Rattle Bag/ Antler: Rattling the bag can create rattle sounds to raise curiosity among the deer with your bare hands. It can be the best choice for pre- rut or less unaggressive situations.
Snort- Wheeze Call: with a sound of a male deer trying to protect territory and this call is very good during peak rut.
Which you choose to use depends on which season you’re hunting in such as early season, pre- rut and rut, late season. However, just remember these following tips:
- First, start slowly with at a low volume for your calling sequence for a few minutes then wait to repeat with the louder and longer sound.
- Get your weapons ready before calling in case the deer responds too quickly.
- Make sure that the target doesn’t notice you by hiding carefully before you use the call.
- Don’t forget to check the wind direction. You’d better let the wind be at your back so that the deer can hear the call. Remember to minimize your scent.
AFTER THE SHOT[diviver_top]
Black Permanent Marker
This small item is very helpful when it can help you mark the point on the dead dear where you need to cut. Or else, your cut may not be precise.
However, just make sure that the ink is water proof. Furthermore, a back permanent marker for hunting should be able to mark on a hard or rough surface like deer antlers or their bodies.
A butt-outtool can help you pull out a deer’s rectal area in order to cut it off.
Here are some basic steps for you to use butt-out tool:
- Step 1: Stick the butt- out tool all the way in the anus of the animal.
- Step 2: Take a couple of twists till you can catch the membrane inside the anus.
- Step 3: Give it another twists to make sure the rectal area is completely tight.
- Step 4: At this point, just ease the tool out by pulling the rectal area slowly.
- Step 5: Cut it at the right point so you can tie it in a knot with a piece of rope or wire if you have.
Remember that a good deer drag should have a strong structure in case the deer is heavy.In addition, make sure you have to prepare shoulder straps, waist belt as well as sternum strap. All the straps should be adjustable and flexible but still strong.
Here are some steps for you to use it properly:
- Step 1: Tie the deer’s front legs( at the wrist) to the neck.
- Step 2: Get back to your vehicle or tree stand to take the safety harness.
- Step 3: Attach the strap of the harness to the neck or head at a suitable length so that the front legs will be off the ground while you’re pulling.
A useful folding saw should have the function of both a pruner and a hand saw. This can help you prune limbs standing in your wayas well as cut deer antlers easily.
For the best folding saw, you should choose a tool with aluminum construction, no plastic. This material will make it more lightweight.
Additionally, it should have high carbon steel saw blade as well as detachable saw features so that you can replace the saw with the more suitable one for certain situations.
Freezer Paper and Tape
There are 3 common grades of freezer paper:
- First grade( economy): provides a shelf life for the meat of 3 to 6 months.
- Second grade( standard): 6 to 9 month shelf life.
- Third grade( premium): 9 to 12 months.
Freezer papery comes in various sizes and grades so just choose what can fit your storage needs. However, it is recommended for you to buy a 15, 18 or 24 inch roll of freeze paper. .
The paper also should be able to be labeled on in order to record the date, the type of the meat and any other details about what’s inside the package.
Last but not least, a camo roll of paper is the best choice to distinguish your hunting trophy from other excursions.
Gambrel or hoist
A gambrel can help you hang the deer up, making it easier for skinning, irrigating and cleaning the deer.
You need a gambrel which has strong steel construction( just like a deer drag) as well as extra strong nylon ropes coming with dual pulley configuration.
Besides, a good gambrel or hoist should have a capacity of about 300 or 600 lbs.
A game bag is very necessary for you to keep the deer meat clean and safe from debris, dirt, insects and other predators. If you want to choose the right bag, look for these features:
- Super tough and specially tailored
- Economy-sized ( recommended)
- Durable and strong material
- Breathable, odor-free
Here are what to consider when choosing the best meat grinder for deer:
- Motor rating: It’s highly recommended for you to choose an electrical meat grinder which has a powerful motor if you need to grind large volumes of deer meat.
- Accessories: Remember to check all the accessories including attachments, juicer attachments as well as cutting plates.
Gutting Gloves (Wrist/Shoulder Length)
A pair of gutting gloves will protect your hands from stains and infectious diseases while handling with the deer meat.
The following are some important features that your gutting gloves should have:
- Sanitary and disposable
- Made of latex
Cutting a deer’s sternum or pelvis is not easy at all, therefore, in this case, a pelvic saw is the best choice for you.
A good pelvic saw should have the following features:
- Safely and quickly cuts the rib and pelvis
- Weighs less than 5 ounces
- Small enough to fit your pocket
How to cut a deer’s pelvic bone:
- Cut the hide for a saw path
- Put the saw in a vertical position from the animal
- Insert the bumper between the colon, bladder, and the pelvic
- Use short strokes and cut the pelvic towards the tail with little pressure on the pull stroke
A dead deer is likely to give off a putrid odor a few days later so you need to place the deer in a plastic bag, it can help you prevent the disgusting odor for a while.
Besides, after the hunting trip, a plastic bag can help you keep the hunting clothes dry as well as scent-free.
Remember to choose a big plastic bag that is strong, durable and more importantly it should have a zipper.
Once you get home with your hunting trophy, you need to process the deer with the specialized kit. There are several types of processing knives and how to use them:
- Gutting: First, to preserve the meat, you need to remove organs of the animals with a gutting knife.
- Skinning: After removing the organs, this is used to cut through the skin without tearing the animal’s muscle or tissues.
- Deboning: when the animal is gutted and skinned, a deboning knife can help you take off the meat( remove the meat from the bones).
- Butchering: Finally, cut up the meat with a butchering knife.
Don’t forget to bring zip ties with you because they can make it easier for you to tie the deer’s legs and then drag the animal to your vehicle.
However, consider these things before choosing a zip tie:
- One- piece: this design has only 1 tie and is molded of 1 material
- Two- piece: this one has higher performance thanks to the smooth stainless- steel locking mechanism which is incorporated into each tie’s head.
Length: for tying deer legs, you need to choose tie which is about 1 foot long.
Material: it’s recommended for you to choose nylon for good resistance to UV rays and extremely hot weather.