All You Need To Know About How To Jig Fish

Jigs are among the most popular and productive fishing lures. Anglers around the world have been fishing with this type of lures for hundreds of years. Jigs are so versatile as they can be used to catch a wide variety of fish under different conditions and bodies of water. They are popular and have been used for a long time. However, many people still don’t have proper knowledge about how to jig fish properly and effectively.

You are still going jig fishing and just casually throw your bait into the water? If so, it is time to read more about proper tips and hints on working around this lure. The results you can get from using jigs and jig fish properly and precisely will be worth all of your time reading this.

First, let’s get to know about types of jigs you have on the market.

A jig has two main parts, the top, and the bottom. The body of the jig is made of melted metals. Some common metals are lead and tungsten. The bottom of the jig is covered with a weed guard.

Some of the most popular freshwater jigs

Swimming jigs

Swimming jig has a bullet shaped top, weighing from ¼ ounce to ½ ounce. With its design, it can wind through the column of the water as well as cover. You should use this jig with a sharp trailer such as grubs and paddle tails.

Swimming jigs

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Casting jigs

This jig has the average weight from 3/8 to ½ ounce. It has a round flat top along with medium strong wire weed guard. You should use this jig with a trailer such as grubs and craws.

Casting jigs

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Flipping jigs

In case you need a lure which can go through an area with a lot of vegetation, you can consider this one. It weighs from 3/8 ounce to 1 ounce with a compact head and a very strong weed guard. It goes well with some trailers such as chunks, creatures as well as craws.

Flipping jigs

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Grass jigs

As the name suggests, this one provides the best presentation and penetration when you go fishing in a grassy area. It comes in sizes from ¼ ounce to 1 ½ ounces. It features a conical top with heavy hook. The best trailers for this type of jig should be compact and prevent snagging on the grass.

Grass jigs

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Football jig

This jig is for a body of water with a lot of rocks on the bottom. It features a head with a design resembling pigskin. The weight of a football jig is from 3/8 to 1 ounce. Weed guards are optional when you use this type of jig. Some trailers you can use with this jig are grubs, craws, and grubs.

Football jig

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Finesse jig

This lure is best used to attract small fish and for fishing in cold water. This type of jig has a finesse skirt and a finesse light wire hook. It also has a compact round head. The best trailer is a small craw.

Finesse jig

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Two main types of saltwater jigs

  • Bucktail jig: This type of jig has a metal head and hair material attached to the bottom. These types of hair are often made from deer’s hair. Some trailers you can use with this jig are rubber worm, shrimp, and natural baits.
  • Vertical jig: Also commonly known as butterfly jigs, this jig features a head which is longer and slender than the head of the bucktail jig. It weighs from 1/8 ounces to ¼ ounces.

The weights of jigs range a great deal from as little as 1/100th oz to as much as 2 oz, making them suitable for catching different types of small and big fish.

When choosing the weight of a fishing jig, you should keep in mind about the time of the year you are going fishing in. If you go fishing in the summer and early fall, you can choose a heavier jig as it will shrink faster into the bottom. On the other hand, if you go fishing in the winter, you should choose a lighter jig for it shrinks much more slowly. The reason for this is that in the winter, fish will move more slowly. Hence, a slow shrinking jig is a more precise presentation of the prey to attract big fishes.

Here is the basic procedure on how to jig fish

  1. Fist, cast your jig normally into the water.
  2. Wait for it to reach the bottom.
  3. Then quickly raise the fishing rod so that the tip is also raised a little bit.
  4. Then let the jig drop down to the bottom again.
  5. You can slightly reel so that the jig goes up and down or from side to side.
  6. Repeat the steps above until you get a bite.

Hint: Always check the line and reel down if necessary to keep the fishing line tight.

Some tips on how to jig fish for the best result

Jigs are presentation lures

Fish will be lured by them if you make these jigs look as much alive as possible. Therefore, throw some actions now and then.

Use multi colored jigs

Some amateur anglers only use black and white jigs and stick to these basic colors only. However, knowing how to jig fish is about knowing when to change to different types of jigs with different colors. The decision depends on the different types of water and the different times you go fishing during a day. The one jig that you have for today might not be suitable tomorrow. Therefore, it is crucial that you try different jigs of different colors in case one doesn’t work as planned.

multi colored jigs

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Choose jigs that look like the real deal

Before you choose which jigs you are going to use, take a look at the surrounding of the water you are going fishing in. Take note of the small fish, whether they are bluegill or shad. These small fish are the food of the fish you are targeting and picking a jig whose colors are the same. , Specifically, these small fish will help to fool the big fish better. Therefore, match the color of the jig with the small prey you see in that place. For example, blue jig might imitate bluegill well, or brown and yellow jig might imitate shad.

Always be aware of the movement of the fishing line. It will tell you what your jigs are doing under water. And don’t just wait until the jig reaches the bottom. When you cast the jig, watch the line carefully as a fish might catch your fishing line even before the jig lays flat. You will know when a fish catch your fishing line when the line jolts above the water.

Prepare the right equipment

Besides the jigs, there are some other pieces of fishing equipment you should prepare to have the best combination.

  • The best rod to use with a jig is heavy or extra heavy one. Jig fishing is often used to catch big fish living near the bottom of a body of water. Therefore, only a heavy duty rod can help to catch the fish that you want.
  • Also, the best fishing line you should use is a braided one as it is the strongest and most durable against big fish.
  • Choose a reel with a high gear ratio such as the 7:1 gear ration reel.

Finally, be patient

Wait until the jig you have casted reaches the bottom. Sometimes, bass will catch a jig when it reaches the bottom instead of when it is swimming through the way.


Undoubtedly, jigs are among the most productive and versatile lures you can use. There are many types of jigs for you to choose from. For different bodies of water, different seasons throughout the years and different sizes of fishes you want to catch, there is always a choice.

There are still a lot of things to learn about how to jig fish and when to use different types of jigs. Nevertheless, I hope with this article; you can provide yourself with sufficient information about the most common types of jigs, how to cast jigs and some other tips about jig fishing. Keep fishing, and I am sure that you will learn so much more along the way.