Coyotes live mainly in the suburbs and even urban areas of north and east America. It is a fact that coyotes bring more trouble to people than just their cute appearance. A lot of cattle and poultry in the farms, especially sheep and chickens, are slaughtered by the coyotes. They usually jump through the fences every night and take away hundreds of sheep each year.
Also, gardens, yard, crops, or equipment are also destroyed by this naughty creature. When it comes to controlling coyotes, you can try things like trapping, fencing, chasing with hounds or other hunting styles. However, shooting can only temporarily solve a few of them; it’s not a long-term solution. Therefore, knowing how poisoning coyotes are the most effective solution.
Types of poison
When it comes to decent poisons to kill coyotes, there are usually two types: drop baits and impregnated baits.
Drop bait (Strychnine tablets)
Drop bait’s size is small just like a marble. What is special about this bait is its main ingredient: Strychnine. This is a very toxic, colorless and bitter chemical.
These Strychnine tablets will be inserted in animal lard that is likely to go bad quickly. Many people often use natural lard of sheep, donkey or horse then cover them with a layer of sugar. This should be helpful in drawing their attention.
To attract the coyotes effectively, you can place drop bait in the middle of decomposing animal carcasses that are not poisoned.
In general, Strychnine tablets are the best choice among all types of poison by its use. On warm days or even hot days, impregnated toxins can decay very quickly under the impact of high temperature. Moreover, even on winter days when the coyotes sometimes refuse to eat meat, impregnated baits do not help much.
Impregnated baits (Compound 1080)
This type of poison means soaking or saturating meat with a toxic. The most commonly used lethal chemical is Compound 1080. In another word, it is also called sodium fluoroacetate – a type of trifluoroacetic acid. People often immersed this poison directly into the meat to kill coyotes in very small proportions.
As mentioned above, impregnated baits are not useful for warm days because they are easily decomposed. As a result, many people use this type of baits in winter in remote and uninhabited places. The reason is that the efficiency of attracting coyotes by impregnated baits is easier without human’s presence around. Furthermore, winter is the time when most mammals go into hibernation, so it minimizes the danger to them.
1080 water solution will be injected into the bodies of animals as baits such as sheep, donkey or horse. Then the animal’s body will be cut into small pieces and scattered over the place where the coyotes usually pass by. Depending on the number of coyotes, it may take up to 50 pounds of meat to be impregnated.
In summary, those are two main toxics on how to poison coyotes. Also, you can also try chicken bones with anti-freeze to achieve the same result.
Location and time of placing poison
No matter whether you use drop baits or impregnated baits, the placement is still pretty much the same. Specifically, you should place the bait along the familiar path of the coyotes. The coyotes usually go through rugged mountains or ridges. However, depending on the characteristics of each type, you may have to put them in slightly different positions.
Also, sometimes terrain factors do not always determine the success of coyotes poisoning. You can completely make them come to you with the smell of the bait.
The ideal time to set the bait is right after their feeding time. In some special situations, you should try normal baits before using the poisoned ones.
Precaution on how to poison coyotes
No matter what poison you use, the untreated chemical will leave the serious problem to the environment, wildlife, and other external factors. Therefore, prevention of toxic is very important in poison coyotes and other animals in general.
Hazardous chemicals must be carefully labeled and stored under standard conditions. Besides, the transportation must also follow safety guidelines. It is best to place them in a locked container.
People working directly with toxic chemicals must wear protective masks, goggles, gloves, and fully protective clothing.
The range of baits located must be large enough so that it attracts more coyotes than other predators. It is true that meat attracts more animals than coyotes, which may include dogs and other pets. Hence, the purpose of this prevention is to minimize the danger to other wildlife.
In remote areas of the West, hunters usually poison coyotes, especially on cold winter days. The reason is that this method only causes little danger to other wildlife.
After completing the coyotes poisoning, wash your hands thoroughly and store the chemicals carefully. Furthermore, you should remove lethal baits should immediately.
Poison can cause serious harm to pets, especially dogs. Remember that Compound 1080 is more poisonous to dogs than any other animal. Poison can kill any wildlife. Therefore, after using them, you need to store the rest in dry places and away from the natural ecological environment.
To keep the people living around the poisoning area safe, you should place a warning sign after finishing the work.
In general, in addition to the effects of poisoning coyotes, this gives some criticism. If you do not do it properly, you will get a lot of disapproval. Thus, the implementation of this approach should be monitored by government agencies. Hopefully, this article will help you learn how to poison coyotes to get rid of this trouble creature.